タケヤリの帆布とは?

岡山県倉敷市は全国の帆布生産シェア約70%という帆布の一大産地です。中世から江戸時代にかけて綿花の栽培が盛んだったことから繊維業、紡績業が発達しました。私どもの工場のある倉敷市「曽原(そばら)」という地名は、原野に帆布を干した「帆原(ほはら)」から由来するとも言われています。

帆布(はんぷ)とは無染の綿や麻の糸を撚り、平織りにした布の事です。英語ではCANVAS(キャンバス)と呼ばれています。目が詰まっていて丈夫、水漏れしないのに通気性に優れている事で古くから船の帆や馬具、学生カバンなどにも使われてきました。1タケヤリでは1〜11号のすべての帆布製造を手掛けています。帆布に使われているのは10番単糸という太さの綿糸で、帆布は1本の糸を何本の糸で撚るかで太さを変え、織る事で異なる厚みの帆布を織り上げています。



帆船の模型
Model of a sailboat

 

What kind of canvas does Takeyari manufacture?
Kurashiki City in Okayama Prefecture is a major production area for canvas, and the area occupies 70% of the entire domestic canvas production share. The textile and cotton spinning industries developed in the area due to the popularity of cultivating cotton here from the medieval up to the Edo period. Our factory is located in a section of Kurashiki City called “Sobara,” and it is said that this name comes from the word “Hohara,” which means field where canvas was dried. 

Canvas is a type of fabric made by twisting together threads of cotton and hemp, which is then woven in a plain weave. As canvas weaves are very tight, the fabric is durable and water-resistant while still retaining excellent breathability. Due to these qualities, the fabric has long been used for ship sails, horse riding gear, school bags, etc. Takeyari manufactures all grades of canvas from No. 1 to No. 11. 
Canvas is made from grade No. 10 cotton thread. Different thicknesses of canvas can be woven by changing the thickness of the threads through a process of twisting together multiple individual threads.

Japanese
Japanese